大学英语四级考试复习精华要点归纳

 

大学英语四级考试流程 -

  8:50---9:00试音时间-

  9:00---9:10播放考场指令,发放作文考卷 -

  9:10取下耳机,开始作文考试 -

  9:35发放含有快速阅读的试题册(但9:40才允许开始做) -

  9:40---9:55做快速阅读 -

  9:55---10:00收答题卡一(即作文和快速阅读) -

  9:55---10:00重新戴上耳机,试音寻台,准备听力考试 -

  10:00开始听力考试,电台开始放音 -

  听力结束后完成剩余考项。 -

  11:20全部考试结束。-

注释:-

1,标准分满分710分=听力248.5+阅读248.5+综合测试106.5+写作106.5。 -

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2,从听力、阅读部分的换算表可以看出,错前两分的时候,标准分扣分严重,1分扣10.5分,错到第3分的时候,标准分扣分有所降低-7分,扣到10分以后,标准分扣分就更低(3分),可见,标准分换算目的是把同学的成绩档次拉开,让特别优秀的同学脱颖而出,要想总分取得630分以上,必须保证很高的正确率,卷面扣的前几分在标准分的权重相当大。这也就解释了为什么考630分以上的同学这么少!据换算,要考630分,阅读和听力部分卷面每部分扣分在3分左右。-

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3,综合测试的分数权重不大,卷面错1分在标准分中扣的分也相对较少,而且完型填空题量大,得分率不高,在考场上建议大家不要把完型填空耗费掉太多的时间,得不偿失!-

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4. 当你拿到成绩单,上面写着290,那么恭喜你,你的卷面成绩为0分。如果425+,就算顺利通过啦~-

单词篇:100个六级高频词,四级必考词

一、100个高频词汇。 -

1 accelerate vt. (使)加速,增速 -

【例】accelerate the rate of economic growth -

加速经济增长 -

【派】acceleration n. 加速 accelerating a.加速的 -

2 account n. 账户、考虑 -

【考】take sth. into account 把…考虑在内 -

3 accustom vt.使习惯 -

【考】be accustomed to -

4 adapt vi. 适应 -

【考】adapt to…适应 -

5 adjust vi.适应 -

【考】adjust to...适应… -

6 advocate vt. 宣扬 -

7 affluent a.富裕的 -

【派】affluence n.富裕 -

8 annoy vt.使烦恼, 使恼怒 -

【派】annoying a. 令人恼人的; -

annoyance n. 烦恼; -

?annoyed a.颇为生气的 -

9 ascribe vt.把…归咎于 -

【考】ascribe..to 归因于 -

10 assess vt.评估 -

【派】assessment n. 评估 -

11 assign vt.指派,选派;分配,布置(作业) -

【派】assignment 作业 -

12 assume vt.假象、假定 -

13 attain vt.获得 -

【考】attain one's ideal 达到理想 -

14 attribute vt. 把…归因于 -

【考】attribute sth.? to 把...归咎于 -

15 attribute vt.归咎于 -

【考】be attributed to? attribute sth. to … -

16 automatically ad. 自动地 -

17 boost vt.提高,推动,使增长 n. 推动,增长 -

【例】boost the economy 推动经济增长 -

【派】booster n.支持者,推动器 -

18 brilliant a.光辉的、辉煌的 -

【派】brilliance n. -

19 collaborate vi.合作 -

【考】collaborate with. sb. -

20 comprehensive a. 综合的 -

【考】综合性大学 -

21 conscious a. 有意识的 -

【考】be conscious of sth. 对 …有意识 -

22 conserve vt.保存、节省 -

【考】conserve energy 保护能源 -

23 considerate a. 考虑周到的 -

24 contribute vt.贡献 -

【考】contribute to 导致、带来、为…贡献 -

25 convenient a.方便的 n.convenience 方便 -

26 convey vt.传达 -

27 cooperate vt.合作 -

【考】cooperative a.合作的 -

28 coordinate vt.合作 -

29 cultivate vt.培养 -

30 derive vt. 出自、源于 -

【考】derive from … -

31 despair vi.绝望; n. 绝望 -

【考】despair of 绝望; sb. be in despair 某人处于绝望中 -

32 disapprove vt. 不批准、不赞同 -

【派】disapproval n. 不赞同 -

【考】 express strong disapproval -

33 dismiss vt.撤销、免职 -

【考】be dismissed by one's company 被公司解雇 -

34 distinguish vt.辨别 -

【派】distinguished a.? 突出的 -

35 distribute vt.分配、分发 -

【考】distribution n.分配、分发 -

36 dominate vt. 支配、统治 -

【考】male-dominated society 男性主导社会 -

37 embarrass vt.使窘迫, 使尴尬; -

【派】embarrassed a.(某人)尴尬的; -

embarrassment n. 沮丧 -

embarrassing a. (某事)令人尴尬的 -

38 employ vt. 雇佣;使用 -

【考】in the employ of 受雇于 -

【派】employer n. 雇主;employee n.雇员 -

employment n. 雇佣, 工作 unemployment n. 失业 -

39 engage vt. 从事、订婚 -

【考】be engaged in sth. 从事… -

40 enhance vt.加强 -

41 enroll vt.注册、使…入会 -

【派】enrollment -

42 evacuate vt. 撤走、疏散 -

43 evaluate vt.评价、估计 -

【派】evaluation n. -

44 evaluate vt.评价、估计 -

45 excessive a.过度的 -

46 frustrate vt.使沮丧, 使灰心 -

【派】frustration n. 挫折; frustrating a. 令人沮丧的 -

47 genetic a.遗传的 -

48 guarantee vt. 保证 -

49 identify vt.鉴别、验明 -

【考】idenfity theft 辨别偷窃 -

50 immigrate vt. 移民 -

【派】immigrant n.移民immigration -

51 implement vt.实施 -

【派】implementation n. -

52 incline vi.倾向 -

【考】be inclined to do sth. 倾向于做某事 -

53 inferior a.下级的、下等的 -

【考】be inferior to 比…低级 -

54 injure vt. 受伤 -

【派】injured a.受伤的; injury n. 受伤 -

55 inquire vi. 询问 -

56 instinct n.本能、直觉 -

【考】human instinct 人类本能 -

57 integrate vt. 使结合、使一体化 -

【派】integral a.一体的;integration n.一体 -

【考】as an integral whole 作为一个整体global economic integration 全球经济一体化 -

58 internship n.实习 -

59 inverse a.倒转的、反转的 -

60 justify vt.证明…是正当的 -

61 launch vt. 发射、开展 -

【考】launch the spacecraft 发射飞船launch a movement 发起一项运动 -

62 negative a.消极的 -

63 notify vt.通知、告诉 -

【派】notification n. -

64 obligation n.? 责任、义务 -

【考】legal obligation? 法律责任 -

65 obstacle n.障碍 -

66 optimistic a. 乐观的 -

【考】be optimistic about sth.对…很乐观 -

67 originate vt.由…产生 -

【考】originate from 由…产生 -

68 overcome vt.战胜, 克服 -

【例】overcome difficulties 克服困难 -

69 phenomenon n.现象 -

70 positive a.积极的 -

71 potential a.潜在的 -

【考】potential customer 潜在客户 -

72 preferable a. 更好的 -

73 prevail vt.压倒、胜过 -

【派】prevailling a. 流行的 -

74 priority n. 优先 -

【考】sth. is the top priority 优先考虑… -

75 proceed vi.进行、着手 -

76 prompt vt.刺激、推动 -

【考】prompt sb. to do sth. -

77 proportion n.比例 -

【派】proportional a.相应的、成比例的 -

78 pursue vt. 追求 -

【派】pursuit n. 追求 -

【考】pursue one's dream -

79 qualify vt. (使)胜任,(使)具有资格 -

【考】qualify for sth. 使具有…的资格 -

【派】qualification n.资格,条件;qualified a.有资格的 -

80 recommend vt.推荐 -

81 reference n.参考 -

82 remind vt.提醒某人注意 -

【考】be reminded of sth. -

83 relevant a. 有关的,切题的 -

【考】be relevant to 与…有关 -

【派】relevance n. 有关,相关;irrelevant a. 不相关的;不切题的 -

84 restore vt. 恢复、修复 -

【考】restore reputation 恢复名誉 -

85 restrain vt.遏制 -

【考】be restrained to do sth. -

86 resume n.简历 -

87 reverse vt.颠倒、反转 -

88 sacrifice vt.牺牲 -

89 starvation n.饿死 -

90 submit vt. 提交 -

【考】submit sth. to sb. 把…提交给某人 -

91 subsidy n.津贴、补助 -

【考】provide subsidy for sb. 为…提供津贴 -

92 superior a.高级的、高等的 -

【考】be superior to 比…高级 -

93 survive vt.幸免于… -

【考】survive sth. 从…中幸免 -

94 transmit vt. 传播 -

95 tropical a.热带的 -

96 undertake vt. 承担,着手做;保证,同意 -

【考】undertake sth. 从事… -

【派】undertaking n.事业,任务 -

97 vanish vi. 消失 -

98 victim n. 受害者 -

99 visiable a.可看见的 -

100 vision vt. 视力、眼光 –

二、四级高频词组 -

1. at the thought of一想到… -

  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论 -

  3. at will 随心所欲 -

  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 -

  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 -

  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地, -

  7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地 -

  8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同…。不一致 -

  9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 -

  10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 -

  11. on one’s own account -

  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 -

  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 -

  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 -

  12. take…into account(=consider)把..。考虑进去 -

  13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由) -

  14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明。 -

  15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为。 -

  16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装) -

  17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 -

  18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于。 -

  19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉 -

  20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 -

  21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于 -

  22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要) -

  23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 -

  24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 -

  25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 -

  26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 -

  27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; -

  28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地。 -

  29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先 -

  30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地 -

  31. have an advantage over 胜过 -

  have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 -

  have the advantage of sb。知道某人所不知道的事 -

  32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用 -

  33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 -

  34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致 -

  35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前 -

  36. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中 -

  37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的 -

  38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计 -

  39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; -

  all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎 -

  40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到 -

  41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于。 -

  42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责。 -

  43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合。 -

  44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for -

  45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 -

  46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力 -

  47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for申请; apply to 适用。 -

  48. apply to 与…有关;适用 -

  49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准 -

  50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起。 -

  51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做… -

  52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); -

  53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻 -

  54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信。 -

  55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 -

  56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… -

  57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 -

  58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度。看法 -

  59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把.。归因于.., 认为.。是.。的结果 -

  60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 -

  61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道。 -

  62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 -

  63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起。 -

  64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台 -

  65. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 -

  66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话) -

  67. be based on / upon 基于 -

  68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上 -

  69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢 -

  70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语) -

  71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义 -

  72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰。 -

  73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处。 -

  74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处) -

  75. for the better 好转 -

  76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过。 -

  77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生 -

  78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上 -

  79. in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作) -

  80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机 -

  81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘 -

  82. out of breath 喘不过气来 -

  83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之 -

  84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的 -

  85. take the floor 起立发言 -

  86. on business 出差办事。 -

  87. be busy with sth。于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 -

  88. last but one 倒数第二。 -

  89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设 -

  90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买 -

  91. be capable of 能够, 有能力 -

  be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的 -

  92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何 -

  93. in case (=for fear that) 万一; -

  94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 -

  in the case of 至于…, 就…而言 -

  95. in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句) -

  96. be cautious of 谨防 -

  97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在…上 -

  98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定。 -

  99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 -

100. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然 –

三、完形填空重要词组

1.With the help of 在~~帮助下 under the leadership / care of 在~~领导/关心下

2.be strict with sb. 对~人要求严格 be strict in sth. 对~事要求严格

3. at present=at the present time 目前 for the present 暂时

4. in the sun/sunshine 在阳光下 under the sun 在世界上

5. lie in 位于~~之内 lie on 同~~接壤 lie to 位于~~之外

6. at least 至少 in the least 丝毫,一点

7. by name 名叫 in the name of 以~~名义

8. in the air 空中,在流传 on the air 播出

9. in the way 挡路,障碍,用~~方法 in a way 在某点上,在某种程度上get one’s own way to do 随心所欲 give way 让步,屈服 lose one’s way 迷路 by the way 顺便说一下 on one’s way to 在去~~的路上 Come this way 这边走

10. at the corner 在拐角处(外角)in the corner 在角落里(内角)

on the corner 在角落上(外角上)

11. judge by / from 根据~~来判断 judge for oneself 由某人自己来判断 12. at the end (of) 在~~结束时 at the beginning of 在~~开始时 at the back of 在~~背后,支持 at the age of ~~岁时 at the foot of 在~~脚下 at the bottom of 在~~底部 at the top of 在~~顶上 at/on the edge of 在~~边上

13. in the course of 在~~过程中 in the eyes of 从~~观点看来,在~~眼里 in the face of 面对~,尽管,纵使 in the middle of 在~中间 in the end =at last=finally 最后

14. on the eve of 在~~前夕 on the side of 在~~一边

15. after a time = after some time 过一段时间后 for a time = for some time 一时,有一段时间

16. behind time 迟到,过期 behind the times 落在时代后面

17. at no time 决不 in no time 立即,马上

18. at one time = once time 曾经 at a time = each time 每次 at times = sometimes 有时 at all times 经常,一直,始终 at the same time 同时 at the time 在~~的时候 by the time 到~~的时候

19. for a moment 一会儿 for the moment 暂时 at the moment 当时

the moment /minute /instance 正当~~一刹那

20. once or twice 一两次 more than once 不止一次 once more 重新,又 once upon a time 从前 once in a while 偶尔

1. 以break为中心的词组

break away from 脱离,逃离 break down 破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚 break in 闯进,打断;使顺服 break into 闯入;强行进入;突然开始 break out 爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚 break the law 违反法律 break the record 破记录 break one’s promise 失言 break up 开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

2. 以catch为中心的词组

be caught doing 被发现做某事 be caught in the rain 淋雨 catch a bus/train 赶汽车/火车 catch a cold 伤风,感冒 catch one’s word 听懂某人的话 catch sight of 发现,瞥见 catch up with 赶上,追及,追上

3. 以come为中心的词组 come across 偶尔发现,想起;越过;偿付 come along 一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现 come at 达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击 come back 回来;恢复,复原 come down 倒下;降落;跌落;病倒 come from 来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于 come in 进来,进入;流行起来;获名次 come into being 发生,产生,出现,形成 come into power 开始执政,当权,当选 come into use 开始使用,获得应用 come on 上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出 come to know 开始了解到 come out 出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露 come to 苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于 come to an end 终止,结束 come true 实现,成为现实;证实 come up 走近;上楼;长出,发芽

4. 以do为中心的词组

be done in 精疲力竭 be done with 完全结束 do a good deed 做一件好事

do away with 去掉,废除;弄死;浪费 do good to (=do sb. good) 有益于

do harm to (=do sb. good) 有害于 do its work 有效,有作用 do much 极有用

do wrong to 做错 do one’s best 尽某人最大努力 do one’s homework 做作业

do one’s utmost 尽力而为 do proud 足以使~~骄傲 do sb. justice 公平对待某人 do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.) 搞卫生 do sb. a favor 帮助某人

do well in 学得不错,干得漂亮 do with 和~~相处,忍受,处理 do without 不需要,不用 do wonders 创造奇迹 have much to do with 和~~很有关系 have nothing to do with 与~~无关 have something to do with 和~~有关 in doing so=in so doing 这时,在这种情况下 That will do. 行了;够了

5. 以get为中心的词组

get about 徘徊,走动,旅行;流传 get above oneself 自视高傲 get accustomed to 习惯于,对~~习以为常 get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解 get ahead of 胜过,超过 get along 前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with 与~~相处 get at 发现,了解;掌握;攻击 have got to do 不得不,必须 get away 离开,逃脱 get back 取回,回来;报复 get behind 落后;识破 get down 咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁 get down to 认真对待,静下心来 get familiar with 熟悉 get hold of 获得,取得 get home 到家 get in 进入,陷入;牵涉 get off 送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身 get on 上车;穿上;进步,使前进;成功;相处 get upon with 进步;在~~方面获得成功 get one’s hand in 熟悉;习惯 get out of 由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休 get over 越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成 get ready for 为~~作准备 get rid of 除去,去掉;免除,摆脱 get through 到达,完成,通过;及格 get together 积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见 get up 起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织 get used to 习惯于

6. 以give为中心的词组

be given to 沉溺于,癖好 give about 分配;传播 give and take 相互迁就

give away 赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发 give back 归还 give cause 给予~~的理由 give ear to 侧耳倾听 give forth 发出,放出;发表 give in 屈服,让步,投降 give in to 同意,接受;向~~让步 give off 发出(烟,气味) give oneself out to be/as 自称为 give oneself up to 专心于;向~~自首 give out 分发,公布 give place to 让位于,被~~所替代 give rise to 引起,导致;使~~发生 give sb. to understand 通知某人 give up 放弃;停止 give way to 让步,退却;屈服于

7. 以look为中心的词组

look about 四下环顾;查看 look after 照顾,看管 look around 东张西望 look at 注视,着眼于 look back 回顾 look for 寻找;期待,期望 look down on 俯视;轻视 look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 窥视;调查;浏览 look like 看起来象 look on 旁观;面向 look out 向外看;注意;当心,堤防 look over 从上面看过去;检查 look through 透过~~看去;看穿;浏览 look up to 仰望,尊敬

8. 以make为中心的词组

be made from 由~~原料制成 be made of 由~~材料制成 be made up of 由~~组成 make a fool of 愚弄,欺骗 make a mistake 弄错 make a point of doing 强调;认为~~重要;决心,坚持 make advantages/use of 使用,利用 make after 追求,追赶 make believe 假装 make certain 确信,把~~弄清楚 make contact with 接通,与~~接触,与~~联系 make for 去向,向~~前进;有利于 make friends with 和~~交友 make into 把~~制成,使~~转变为 make much of 重视;理解;赏识 make one’s mind on sth. 决定某事 make one’s own 当作自己的看待 make oneself at home 随便,别拘束 make out 填写;开支票;理解;辨认 make the best of 尽量利用;极为重视 make up 弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化装 make up to 接近,巴结;向~~求爱 make way for 为~~让路,让路于 on the make 急求成功;增加

9. 以put为中心的词组

put aside 把~~放在一边;搁置;排除 put away 把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉 put back 把~~放回原处;驳回 put down 放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落 put forward 提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议 put ~~ into 把~~放入;插入;翻译成 put off 推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞 put on 上演;穿上,带上 put up with 忍受,容忍 put one’s heart into 全神贯注,专心致志 put up 举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

10. 以take为中心的词组

be taken aback 吃惊 take a seat 就坐 take a shower 淋浴,洗澡 take aim 瞄准,设立目标 take away 拿走,减去;夺去 take ~~ by surprise 出奇制胜 take one’s place 就坐,入坐 take care of 当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责 take office 就职,上任 take ~~ for 把~当作 take off 脱去,除去;离开;起飞;模仿;起程;致死;复制,作副本;减弱 take one’s temperature 量体温 take part in 参与,参加 take it easy 别着急,慢慢来 take place = happen 发生,举行 take the place of 代替 take pride in 以~~为荣,对~~骄傲 take sb. by the arm 拉某人的胳膊

11. 以turn为中心的词组

give a new turn to 对~~予以新的看法 in one’s turn 轮到某人做某事 out of turn 不按次序的,不合适宜的 take one’s turn to do 轮到做 turn a blind eye to 对~~视而不见 turn against 背叛,采取敌对态度 turn back 折回,往回走 turn down 折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑 turn into 走进;变成,变为 turn to ~~for help 求助于 turn off 关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产 turn on 打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于 turn one’s attention to 把注意力转向 turn out 培养;证明是;制成;实际情况是 turn out to be 原来是,证明是,结果是 turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页,重新开始,改过自新 turn (a)round 旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策 turn to 变成;着手于 turn upside down 颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

四、其他常用

1.be on show / display / play / sale / strike / duty / trial

2. be of value / importance / use / no use / color / age / size / height / weight / significance

3. to one’s joy / surprise / pleasure / astonishment / sorrow / delight

4. in surprise / wonder / alarm / terror / horror / delight

5. by air / bicycle / boat / bus / car / letter / post / plane / telephone / train / wire

6. at daybreak / sunrise / dawn / noon/ dark / night

7. out of breath / control / question / sight

8. in fact / reality / substance / nature / practice / theory / short / brief / a word / detail / all / average / full / time / fashion / existence / turn / vain / haste / appearance / common / sum/

general / particular / public / secret / order / part / power / stock / case / bed / future / name / addition / sight

9. on duty / shift / holiday / leave / business / purpose / time / sale / show / board / hand / record / request / root / earth / farm / principle

10. for example / instance / all / good / nothing / convenience / short / fear / sale

11. by weight ( volume size number~~ ) / profession / definition / rule / turn / chance/ accident/ mistake / hand / train ( bus ,taxi ,ship ,boat ~~) / air / land / force / day / nature / sight

12. at most / least / best / worst / once / first / last / home / school / will ( at will:任意) / work /

night / midnight / daybreak / dawn / present / length / large

13. as above / below / following / over / usual / before / a matter of fact

14. above all / measure / normal

15. before all / long / time / now / then

16. after all / class / school

17. out of action / order / condition / use / operation / step / joint / repair/ gear / balance / range/

doubt / date / danger / hand / shape / place / question / stock /

18. with caution / interest / difficulty / ease / advantage / effect / reason / vigor / reserve / success / confidence

19. beyond comprehension / conception / description / expression / doubt / control / reach / power / measure / grasp / compare / controversy / dispute / hope / example

20. under age / discussion / test / way / repair

语法句型篇:

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.

海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。

Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.

张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。

二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V

例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.

没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。)

例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...)

例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.

不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...)

例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.

全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...)

例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.

毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...)

例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.

使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。

八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...)

例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.

我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于...)

例句:So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it.

时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...)

例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}

虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V,

~~~the + ~er + S + V ~~~

The + more + Adj + S + V,

~~~the + more + Adj + S + V~~~(愈...愈...)

例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.

你愈努力,你愈进步。

The more books we read, the more learned we become.

我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..)

例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.

借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)

例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.

听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...)

例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.

违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)

例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)

例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.

既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)

It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.

可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.

夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...)

例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.

过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.

自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)

例句:It pays to help others.

帮助别人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以...为基础)

例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.

社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)

例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.

我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境

2013年05月29日

南京全国大学英语四、六级考试代报名通知
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